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Happy Holi

On the fifth day of the dark half of Phalgun the feast of Color is celebrated. The festival marks the end of the year according to the Indian calendar, and the spirit of festivity is alive in every Hindu household. It is celebrated throughout India in early spring with cheer and gaiety. Holi comes when the cold winter months give way to summer. It takes place over two days around late February or March........... Read More

Learn Punjabi Matras Learn Punjabi Matras


To add vowel sounds between consonant letters, you use the vowel signs, called matraas. There are matraas for each of the ten vowel letters. The vowels of Gurmukhi are identical to the Punjabi alphabet and are known as laga matraBelow are the 10 laga matras used in Gurmukhi Script -

Laga Matara  Sign 
1.  Mukta (ਮੁਕਤਾ) - A (ਅ) -
2. Kannaa (ਕੰਨਾ) -AA (ਆ)
3. Sihari (ਸਿਹਾਰੀ) - I (ਇ) ਿ
4. Bihari (ਬਿਹਾਰੀ) - EE (ਈ)
5.  Aunkar (ਔਕੜ) - U (ਉ)
6. Dulankar (ਦੂਲੈ) - OO (ਊ)
7. Laavan (ਲਾਵਾਂ) - AE (ਏ)
8. Dulaavan (ਦੁਲਾਵਾਂ) - AI (ੲੈ)
9. Horaa (ਹੋੜਾ) - O (ਓ)
10. Kanauraa (ਕਨੌੜਾ) - AU (ਔ)


Lagakhar  ਲਗਾਖਰ - These Lagakhar signs are used with the matras. Below are the 3 lagakhar signs used in Gurmukhi Script -

LagaKhar Sign
1. Bindi (ਬਿੰਦੀ)
2. Tippee (ਟਿੱਪੀ)
3. Adhak (ਅਧਕ)



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